Install mods at Minecraft

Besides plugins, mods offer a much greater freedom to modify the game. With mods you can easily add completely new creatures or blocks to the game.

Written on August 30, 2021

What to do?

The standard Minecraft or vanilla Minecraft, as it is also known, does not offer any options to install mods. Thus, some precautions must first be taken so that the game can be modified by mods.

Likewise, mods must always be installed locally and on the server. Unlike plugins, they are only installed on the server.

Forge

The answer is usually 'Forge'. Forge must be installed locally as well as on the server and subsequently ensures that the game can be modified.

Client

To install Forge locally, i.e. on the client, the required file must be downloaded from files.minecraftforge.net.

  1. You must have Java installed on your computer to install Forge
  2. Search for the desired Minecraft version on files.minecraftforge.net
  3. Download the latest version by clicking the button Installer
    1. The latest version is usually listed at the top as Download Latest.
  4. Open the downloaded file (usually called forge-VERSION-installer.jar)
  5. In the opened window select Install client, check the path and confirm with OK
    1. The path must lead to your local Minecraft installation, Forge usually finds this out itself
      Install Minecraft Forge Client
  6. If the installation was successful a new window appears with Successfully installed client profile forge ...
    1. The installation will create a new Minecraft profile with the required files
      Minecraft Forge Client successfully installed
  7. Now start the normal Minecraft launcher
  8. In your profiles/installations select the last created one e.g. 1.17.1-forge-37.0.45 and start the game
    Select Forge in launcher and start game

Server

Next you need to install Forge on the server - similar to the client. It is important that you install the exact same Minecraft as well as Forge version.

Info: Some hosters already offer Forge as a 1-click installation. Check with your hoster and check the web interface if they offer this option, then you can skip the following steps.

  1. Search identical Minecraft version to your client on files.minecraftforge.net
  2. Download the latest version via the button 'installer
    1. The latest version is usually listed at the top as 'Download Latest
  3. Open the downloaded file (usually called forge-VERSION-installer.jar)
  4. Crucial difference: In the opened window you now select install server
    1. You have to set the path manually: For example, create a new folder on your desktop and set the path there.
    2. Confirm with OK. Now the files for the Forge Server will be downloaded into the folder you have set
  5. If the installation was successful a new window appears with Successfully downloaded minecraft server and installed forge.
    1. In the created folder are now some files and folders
    2. Among them e.g. a libraries folder and several .jar files or one .bat/.sh file each. This can differ between the forge versions.
  6. Now you have prepared the files for the server. Now connect via FTP to your Minecraft server.
  7. Select the forge files/folders and upload them to your Minecraft server (e.g. by drag and drop)
  8. Restart your server (new) and check the console/logs if the server starts correctly

Finally install mods

After Forge is installed and both the client and server are now capable of handling mods, you can start picking out and installing your desired mods.

Search and download mods

  1. Most popular place for mods is curseforge.com
  2. Pick a mod that you want to install and download it
    1. For example: Biomes O' Plenty a server popular mod to generate new and unique biomes
  3. Usually mods consist of a .jar file

Install mods locally

  1. Now open locally on your computer your Minecraft installation directory
    1. The default paths to the directory we have listed for you below
  2. In the installation directory you will find a mods folder
    1. Important: the mods folder will only be created if you have successfully started the client/forge profile once. Otherwise, check the Forge installation to see if it was unsuccessful.
  3. Copy the downloaded file into this folder
  4. Start your game (profile forge) and check if the mod was loaded successfully

Install mods on server

  1. Connect via FTP to your server and open the mods folder
    1. Important: The mods folder will only be created if the server has been started successfully once. Otherwise, check the Forge installation to see if it was unsuccessful
  2. Copy the downloaded mod into the mods folder on your server (e.g. by drag and drop)
  3. Restart your server (new) and check if the mod was loaded successfully
    1. About this you always get useful information in the console or in the logs

Default installation directories

Operating SystemPath
Windows(C:)\User\Name\AppData\Roaming\.minecraft\mods
Linux~/.minecraft/mods
Mac OS X~/Library/Application Support/minecraft/mods

Windows 10 and Bedrock version

Mods are restricted in the Windows 10 or Bedrock version. You cannot install mods comparable to the Java version.

On this platform, mods are offered in the Marketplace, most of which must be purchased as well. Purchased mods are then activated in the game menu via the add-ons in already created worlds.

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Overview

Developer

Mojang

Studio

Mojang

Release

May 17, 2009

Genres

Adventure, Open-World, Survival, Sandbox

Platforms

Linux, Windows, Mac OS X